The Purdue Online Writing Lab

Posted on Sunday, September 30, 2007

Of the writing labs available to ESL students on the Internet, the Purdue Online Writing Lab ranks among the best known and most highly valued.


• Hundreds of writing resources that students of English can use to improve their writing skills

• Comprehensive coverage of the writing process, research and citation, grammar and mechanics, literary analysis and criticism

• Detailed discussion of specific types of writing including scientific and technical writing, business writing, academic writing and creative writing

• Clear, practical guides to tutoring and teaching writing, specially prepared for ESL/EFL teachers

• A printable version of each resource for offline use

The Online Writing Lab at Purdue is a completely free service and most importantly, the quality of its resources is just what one can expect from a famous university, superb and warranting frequent visits.

Site URL:


Dictionary of English Slang and Colloquialisms of the UK

Posted on Friday, September 28, 2007

This impressive online slang dictionary, maintained and updated by Ted Duckworth, is the place to go if you want the most accurate definitions of slang words as they are used by the British.


• No-nonsense design that allows the user to look up any slang word or expression in a matter of a few seconds

• An advanced tool to refine slang search using various parameters

• Informative entries giving slang definitions, example usage and cross-references to related entries

• Full coverage of dialect and informal expressions, which may cause non-native speakers as much difficulty in understanding British people as the use of slang

• Useful links to other online slang resources

• A bibliography listing printed materials on slang

Ted Duckworth is an authority on British slang and the quality of this online dictionary is a testament to his expertise and dedication.

Site URL:

Read more... Home of the IELTS Examination

Posted on Thursday, September 27, 2007

Among standardized tests used to measure the English proficiency of a candidate applying to study abroad, the IELTS is fast becoming one of the most popular and a visit to the home page of the exam will give you more insights into how it is administered and how you can prepare for it.


• Official information on the format of the IELTS and the application procedure

• Advice on what IELTS candidates should do on their test day

• Guidance on receiving and interpreting IELTS results

• Downloadable guides including the latest IELTS handbook

• Sample practice materials for the Academic Reading, Academic Writing, General Training Reading, General Training Writing and Speaking Modules

• A global search tool to find a college or other institution that accepts a certain IELTS test score, ideal for those who want to study abroad

Site URL:


Simple English News

Posted on Wednesday, September 26, 2007

For beginning ESL students struggling to develop effective listening skills, Simple English News, with its numerous exciting news stories, is a highly recommended online resource.


• A rich selection of short, illustrated news articles categorized into world news, business news, sports news, science and technology news, entertainment news, health news and unusual news

• Clear presentation of articles and their transcripts, making it possible for users to read and listen to stories at the same time

• A glossary of potentially troublesome vocabulary frequently encountered in the media

• Regular polls on current world affairs open to all users

Simple English News is fine-tuned for beginner English listening but it will be useful, as the motto of the site goes, for anyone who wants to learn English.

Site URL:


Translation Journal: A Publication for Translators by Translators about Translators and Translation

Posted on Tuesday, September 25, 2007

This quality journal, as its title implies, contains a wealth of useful information on translation that you will want to check out, especially if you plan to work as a professional translator or interpreter.


• Easy navigation with a drop-down box and a categorized index that allow users to jump to any article published in the journal between 1997 and 2007

• Comprehensive coverage of all aspects of translation and interpretation, from basic matters such as localization, translation theory and translation nuts and bolts to the highly specialized fields of legal, financial, literary, diplomatic and medical translation

• Professional guides to translating specific languages, including Arabic, Chinese, French, German, Japanese, Portuguese, Russian and Spanish translation

The Translation Journal is hosted by Accurapid the Language Service, a professional language translation service provider.

Site URL:

Read more...'s Pictorial English Vocabulary Guide

Posted on Monday, September 24, 2007

At, a project dedicated to providing online language learning resources and promoting cultural understanding, you will find an excellent English vocabulary builder designed for non-native speakers, especially those at beginner level.


• A great number of words selected to reflect everyday life and organized into categories such as numbers, the body, animals, plants, jobs or travel

• Carefully drawn, full-color illustrations and lively audio clips to give users an idea of how each word is pronounced and spelled out

• Pictorial vocabulary guides for Italian, Arabic, Spanish, Portuguese, Mandarin Chinese, French, Russian, Japanese, German and Hebrew

• Grammar guides for French and Spanish and interactive readings for French

Since this a non-profit project, the directors would appreciate your volunteering to contribute contents or making financial donations.

Site URL:


Sounds of English

Posted on Friday, September 21, 2007

A wonderful collection of materials by Sharon Widmayer and Holly Gray, Sounds of English not only helps ESL learners sound more like native speakers; it is also a great source of advice for teachers.


• One whole section devoted to describing how to pronounce specific sounds in English, fully illustrated with pictures, audio recordings and video clips

• Another section dealing with word stress and containing specific rules for stressing compound nouns, noun+noun compounds, phrasal verbs and homographs

• An impressive number of exercises and activities in the form of printable handouts and worksheets, ready for classroom use

• Handouts and tips sections for pronunciation teachers, with a collection of TESOL presentations given by the authors of the site and detailed instructions on how to organize motivating games in pronunciation classes

Site URL:


Common Errors in English

Posted on Thursday, September 20, 2007

Professor Paul Brians of Washington State University has prepared a formidable list of misuses in English that will be of practical help to any learners of the language.


• Amazing coverage of common errors in English usage, some so common that they are taken for granted and repeatedly committed

• Explanation of individual errors given in concise, illustrative language, making it possible for readers to grasp the point firmly and immediately

• A list of non-errors containing usages which are believed to be wrong but are in fact correct

• Two supplementary lists of word confusions and commonly misspelled words

• A book version, entitled Common Errors in English Usage and containing most of the online contents plus some other useful features

Site URL:


Short Stories at East of the Web

Posted on Wednesday, September 19, 2007

This is a truly huge collection of short stories that you will want to check out, whether to learn more about literature or just to perfect your reading comprehension skills.


• A rich array of genres including children's, crime, fiction, horror, humour, non-fiction, romance, and sci-fi short stories

• Sub-division of each genre into contemporary stories, classic stories and new stories

• Bookmark option for any story you like or have not finished reading

• A printable version for offline use and a PDB version for handheld devices

• Integrated online dictionary to look up the definition or audio pronunciation of any word

• 9 types of word games designed to build users' vocabulary

• Study rooms for teachers to create custom word lists and games for their students

Site URL:


Bogazici University Online Writing Lab

Posted on Tuesday, September 18, 2007

Writing is an indispensable skill for any student wishing to go up the academic ladder and the writing lab of Bogazici University is where you can find the necessary resources to refine this skill.

For students:

• A review of English grammar from beginning to advanced level, followed by writing guides covering problem areas such as run-on sentences, sentence fragments or dangling modifiers

• Tips and strategies for writing a well-structured academic essay with a good thesis statement

• Discussion of different types of essay, such as definition essays, classification essays, process essays, comparison/contrast essays, cause and effect essays, and argumentative essays

• A number of exercises on paragraph and essay writing, complete with answers

• Useful guides to editing a written work, avoiding plagiarism and writing research papers

For teachers:

• Informative articles on setting up writing tasks, combining reading and writing, modeling effective writing, correcting and giving feedback

• Detailed instructions on how to conduct a research project

• Sample research papers in a variety of fields and sample essays written by students

Site URL:


Splendid Speaking: Speaking Skills for Advanced Learners of English

Posted on Sunday, September 16, 2007

For students who are looking to improve their ability to communicate in spoken English, Splendid Speaking is a site worth visiting.


• Downloadable podcasts designed to develop advanced communication techniques in real life, each containing a conversation and comments on the techniques involved

• Downloadable transcripts and comprehension questions for all podcasts

• A weekly speaking task sheet containing stimulating discussion topics and an accompanying grading sheet to help users evaluate your performance

• Guidance on how to record your talk and publish it to the Internet for feedback from other learners

• A free daily vocabulary quiz which tests common colloquial expressions

• A forum on speaking and many other subjects of interest to ESL learners

Site URL:

Read more... Learn English Effectively

Created by Tomasz P. Szynalski and Michal Ryszard Wojcik, two teachers of English based in Poland, is a valuable source of advice and motivation for ESL/EFL learners.

The site contains many articles on how to learn English effectively. According to the authors, there are major factors deciding whether you can learn English well or not, among which are being motivated, using a good dictionary, trying to reduce mistakes, learning to pronounce English correctly and maximizing the input of English into your head. Each of these factors are detailed by interesting sub-articles that are both fun to read and easy to understand.

Stories of some people, including the authors of the site, who have been successful at learning English are told and you are welcome to recommend other success stories you know.

There is a forum for users to discuss all matters related to learning English. No registration is required. You only need to agree to the forum rules before posting.

Site URL:


The ESL Web Site of Frankfurt International School

Developed for Frankfurt International School, this ESL web site contains many materials that any student and teacher of the English language will find useful.

In the grammar section, there are grammar quizzes and grammar notes, which cover tense usage and a miscellany of other grammatical issues. A list of language words explains key terms that students will encounter during the process of learning English. Most notably, you will find a language analysis page, which has been prepared to analyze and suggest corrections to errors contained in authentic pieces of writing by ESL students, and a language differences page, which contains an introduction to language differences, language families, phonetics/phonology and major differences between English and 16 other languages.

The vocabulary section has hundreds of quizzes on vocabulary, phrasal verbs, idioms and proverbs. If you are in a hurry, take a tour of 50 pre-selected quizzes, many of which are vividly illustrated with diagrams and pictures. Also in this section, you can try a tool which allows you to make your own vocabulary quiz, a fun and easy to build vocabulary.

Additional resources for ESL students include help with English literature, advice on learning English, reading and writing exercises, a collection of games, jokes and puzzles, a list of useful websites and answers to some questions frequently asked by ESL learners.

A special area of the site is reserved for ESL teachers, teachers who have ESL students in their classes and education administrators, besides the teaching guidance incorporated into ESL learners' resources.

Finally, parents will also find useful advice on helping their children to learn English quickly and effectively.

Site URL:


The IELTS Web Site of the Hong Kong Polytechnic University

Posted on Friday, September 14, 2007

If you are looking for a site that can provide you with good online practice materials for all four parts of the IELTS exam, pay a visit to the IELTS web site of the Hong Kong Polytechnic University.

For each of the four skills tested by IELTS exam, namely listening, speaking, reading and writing, you will find a brief introduction to the format of the test and useful tips on how to prepare for it. The main contents of the site, IELTS practice materials, include the following:

- Listening: 6 practice tasks and 2 practice tests (complete with transcripts);

- Reading: practice tasks for 9 types of IELTS reading questions (multiple choice questions, completing sentences, writing short answers, matching headings to paragraphs, completing tables, charts or diagrams, matching causes and effects, completing a summary, choosing factors and identifying a writer's view);

- Speaking: practice tasks for 3 parts of the speaking test and various speaking strategies (asking questions, describing objects/people, giving opinions, telling stories, etc.);

- Writing: practice and guidance for 2 tasks of the writing test and a guide to proofreading (recognizing common errors).

Site URL:


University of Cambridge ESOL Examinations

Posted on Thursday, September 13, 2007

This web site, the home of Cambridge ESOL examinations, is a must-see for all students preparing to take these exams.

The exams are classified as follows:

- General English: KET (Key English Test), PET (Preliminary English Test), FCE (First Certificate in English), CAE (Certificate in Advanced English), CPE (Certificate of Proficiency in English);

- Skill-based assessment: CELS (Certificate in English Language Skills), Certificates in ESOL Skills for Life;

- Business English: BEC (Business English Certificates), BULATS (Business Language Testing Service);

- Professional English: ILEC (International Legal English Certificate), ICFE (International Certificate in Financial English);

- Academic English: IELTS (International English Language Testing System);

- Young Learners English: YLE (Cambridge Young Learners English Tests).

For each type of exam, you will find useful information concerning its purpose and format, scheduled test dates and the registration procedure. You can also download official handbooks, sample papers (plus audio), answer keys and exam reports to familiarize yourself with these exams.

Site URL:


5 Minute English: Free Short Self-Study English Lessons and Quick Tips for ESL Students

Posted on Wednesday, September 12, 2007

The name of the site says it all: 5 Minute English will provide you with free, short and quick English learning materials.

Problematic grammatical points involving tenses, conditional sentences, reported speech or tag questions are explained briefly but effectively in simple, everyday language. Example usage is given, followed by exercises to check your understanding.

If your interest is in building vocabulary, you will enjoy the lessons focusing on roots/prefixes and theme-organized vocabulary, all easy to understand and conveniently consolidated by practice questions.

The skills of listening, speaking, reading, writing and pronunciation are dealt with in respective sections. Again, short exercises accompany each lesson to help you test yourself.

A separate area of the site is dedicated to phrasal verbs, idioms and slangs, which I am sure will be of great help to non-native speakers who would like to use the language more naturally.

Among other resources provided by 5 Minute English, you may want to pay attention to the Questions and Answers section, where common English usage problems are discussed, and the Articles section, with some useful guides to learning English.

Site URL:


Michael Buckhoff's ESL Web Site for Students and Teachers

Maintained by Michael John Buckhoff, this collection of ESL materials will be useful to students and teachers of the English language alike.

Resources for ESL students are varied, with a special focus on writing and the Test of Written English (TWE). You will find, among other things, advice on TOEFL and TWE from international students, sample essays written by students from beginner to advanced level, supplementary exercises that develop essential writing skills such as spelling, correcting run-on sentences, making sentences concise and recognizing common errors. A number of self-study quizzes are provided so that you can test yourself on time management, learning styles, self-motivation, etc. Besides the grammar section which offers, at the time of writing, 855 practice questions, the picture vocabulary section is another noteworthy feature of the site with plenty of exercises designed to teach vocabulary through pictures.

For university students specializing in the English language, there are exercises on expository writing and materials to study linguistics, including morphology, phonetics, phonology, pragmatics, semantics, sociolinguistics and syntax.

Finally, the teacher's resource center provides sample forms, syllabi, research papers as well as useful teaching tips.

Site URL:


The Internet TESL Journal for Teachers of English as a Second Language

Posted on Monday, September 10, 2007

This web-based journal is a true goldmine for teachers seeking help and advice on teaching English as a Second Language.

The primary contents of the site are articles - research papers, lessons - lesson plans and teaching techniques published in past issues from 1995 up to now. Besides common topics such as Grammar, Vocabulary, Pronunciation, Listening, Speaking, Reading, Writing and Business English, you can find other interesting sub-categories, among which are:

- Articles: Becoming a Better Teacher, Computer Assisted Language Learning, English for Specific Purposes, Language Acquisition, Learner Autonomy, Materials Development;

- Lessons: For the First Class, Cooperative Learning, Oral Presentation, Travel Survival;

- Techniques: Authentic Materials/Realia, Becoming a Better Teacher, Classroom Management, Public Speaking.

The next focus of the site is on activities teachers and students can do in the classroom. For teachers, there is an abundance of conversation questions, jokes and games that have been contributed from teachers around the world. Students, on the other hand, will enjoy the special section reserved for them that contains, among other things, grammar quizzes, vocabulary quizzes, crossword puzzles and ESL podcasts.

Site URL:


The Basic Cozy Spelling Course: Free Online Version

Posted on Sunday, September 09, 2007

This is a self-contained 30-lesson course in spelling which is fun to do and conveniently accessible online.

You only need someone to read the words and sentences in each lesson to you for dictation practice. Everything else can be done entirely by yourself with the help of a good dictionary.

For each lesson, you will find many exercises which focus on difficult aspects of spelling such as singular/plural forms, possessive forms, letters/syllables, roots, suffixes/prefixes, double consonants, contractions, etc. Keys to the exercises are provided so that you can check your answers.

It is a good idea to follow the work plan suggested by the site, which schedules you for 5 days of study a week.

Site URL:

Read more... Learning English (ESL) Online

Posted on Friday, September 07, 2007

Whether you are a student or a teacher, it is worthwhile paying a visit to this site considering the number of materials it provides.

For students, there is much to learn from the reference section of the site, which covers such topics as grammar, phrasal verbs and idioms. They can test their English using the numerous tests and quizzes available. It is notable that the site offers very good reading comprehension practice, despite the fact that, up to the time of writing this post, this section is still in beta form. The exercises are amazingly diverse and students preparing for such exams as BEC (Business English Certificate), CAE (Certificate in Advanced English), FCE (First Certificate in English), PET (Preliminary English Test), KET (Key English Test) and IELTS (International English Language Testing System) will surely find them useful.

Teachers will benefit from free printable ESL/EFL/ESOL handouts, worksheets and lesson plans, which can be browsed by level, and the English teaching forum, a sub-forum of the ESL forum provided by the site. offers a section called Tools and Resources, which contains a text and word analyzer, sample essays, downloadable programs and a web directory.

Site URL:

Read more... Medical English Online

Doctors, nurses, pharmacists and general medical staff will welcome the opportunity to use, an invaluable resource designed especially for them.

Right on the start page of the site, visitors can choose the study area that best fits their specialization and move straight to the lessons, each one beginning with a typical medical dialogue. A cartoon, which can be viewed in full-size, offers listening practice and all medical terms and expressions used in the dialogue are fully explained. Following this dialogue are a number of exercises, which take the forms of gap filling, matching, multiple choice, etc.

According to the webmaster of the site, has thousands of exercises and over 1.5 hours of spoken conversations.

Forum URL:

Site URL:


Phrasal Verb Demon: Complete Guide to Phrasal Verbs

Posted on Thursday, September 06, 2007

This is an awesome site where you can find out virtually everything about phrasal verbs.

To look up a particular phrasal verb or collocation, you can use the two main features of the site, Corpus and Dictionary. The Particles and Grammar sections explain the grammatical aspects of phrasal verbs and the Listening and Reading sections provide ample exercises for practice and consolidation. Besides, there are Quizzes to measure your progress and Games to help you release stress, in case you get overloaded!

Teachers who want to teach phrasal verbs, a difficult area of English, can find valuable advice here as well.

Phrasal Verb Demon: Complete Guide to Phrasal Verbs is highly recommended for all learners of the English language.

Site URL:


Advanced Composition for Non-Native Speakers of English

As its name implies, this site is intended for advanced students of English who wish to brush up on their academic writing skill.

Clear instructions are given on how to write a well-structured academic essay and specific kinds of essay are discussed, such as instruction essays, cause-effect essays, comparison-contrast essays, persuasion essays and Test of Written English (TWE) essays. Model essays written by former students are provided for illustration.

The site also contains a review of grammar, which is indispensable for good writing, accompanied by many online quizzes.

Site URL:


Posted on Wednesday, September 05, 2007

This is one of the best forums for English learners at the moment. Registration is simple and quick and will bring you a host of benefits.

You can join other members in discussing virtually everything related to the English language. If you are unsure about, say, a grammar point, you can raise your question and the experts are always there to help you. If you are already an expert, you can always share your knowledge and extend help to those who need it.

Besides sub-forums reserved for common areas of English such as grammar, vocabulary, idioms and pronunciation, this site also features notable sections on:

- Teaching English as a Foreign Language (TEFL),

- English for Specific Purposes (ESP), including English for Science - Technology, Business, Medicine, Law and Linguistics,

- ESL Writing, including Essay, Letter, Poetry and Song Writing.

Site URL:


Exam English: Free Practice Tests for Learners of English

Exam English contains many practice tests for those preparing to take exams in the English language.

You can try practice tests for

- TOEFL (Test of English as a Foreign Language),

- TOEIC (Test of English for International Communication),

- IELTS (International English Language Testing System),

- CPE (Certificate of Proficiency in English),

- CAE (Certificate in Advanced English),

- FCE (First Certificate in English),

- PET (Preliminary English Test),

- KET (Key English Test),

- BULATS (Business Language Testing Service),

- ECCE (Examination for the Certificate of Competency in English),

- ECPE (Examination for the Certificate of Proficiency in English),

- LTE (London Tests of English).

Site URL:


English Works!

If you are looking for a site that provides readable, reliable information on writing, reading and literature, English Works! is one that you should not miss.

This site describes in detail the process of writing (prewriting, writing the first draft, revising and proofreading), the structure of an essay, the different types of essay (argumentative essays, comparison/contrast essays, definition essays, descriptive essays, narrative essays, cause-effect essays, process essays and critical essays), how to write research papers, letters (including business correspondence), journalism and dissertations.

The literature section of the site focuses on such topics as fiction, poetry and drama.

Those interested in ESL reading can find valuable reading and mapping strategies, types of reading questions and tests along with reading selections and exercises.

The site also has separate sections on grammar, vocabulary and tutoring techniques (including those for the writing tutor and the tutor working with disabled students).

Site URL:

Read more... English as 2nd Language

Check out this site for free, well-organized information on the English language.

Areas covered include

- Beginning, Intermediate and Advanced English,

- Teaching English - Lesson Plans,

- Grammar - Vocabulary,

- Listening, Writing, Pronunciation - Speaking, Reading,

- TOEFL, IELTS, Cambridge,

- Business English,

- Tests - Quizzes,

- Schools - Courses.

Site URL:


VOA Special English

Posted on Tuesday, September 04, 2007

The VOA supplies a very useful resource for those who wish to improve their skill in listening to American English.

Here you will find the audio and scripts of a number of interesting radio programs, which focus on both current affairs and American culture/history. The programs are all available for download so that you can listen to them at any time.

The 'special' thing about these programs is that they are read at a slow speed, which is ideal for beginners who are not yet accustomed to hearing normal English.

You will also be able to learn new words and their origins, play games as well as access other useful information on the English language.

Site URL:


BBC Learning English

This site is a very good resource for English learners, provided by the BBC World Service.

Besides giving you a chance to listen to news in English, the site also features the Watch and Listen section with many activities that involve listening and watching. The Grammar & Vocabulary section helps you to strengthen your command of English grammar, vocabulary, phrasal verbs and pronunciation while the Business English section simulates the kind of language you will meet in the work place. Most activities in these sections have downloadable audio and scripts, which is useful if you want to check your understanding and replay them offline.

You can also join the message board, write about yourself and try games and quizzes for relaxation.

There is a special section for teachers of English with downloadable lesson plans, quizzes and radio programmes.

Site URL:


Index of Articles

Posted on Saturday, September 01, 2007

All articles in alphabetical order

  • 0-9 (5 articles)
  • A (34 articles)
  • B (19 articles)
  • C (11 articles)
  • D (15 articles)
  • E (52 articles)
  • F (33 articles)
  • G (15 articles)
  • H (6 articles)
  • I (20 articles)
  • J (4 articles)
  • K (3 articles)
  • L (34 articles)
  • M (14 articles)
  • N (2 articles)
  • O (15 articles)
  • P (19 articles)
  • Q (1 article)
  • R (14 articles)
  • S (23 articles)
  • T (83 articles)
  • U (9 articles)
  • V (12 articles)
  • W (27 articles)
  • XYZ (3 articles)
Total: 473 articles


Articles - 0-9

Total: 5 articles

More articles:

0-9 | A | B | C | D | E | F | G | H | I | J | K | L | M | N | O | P | Q | R | S | T | U | V | W | XYZ


Articles - A

Total: 34 articles

More articles:

0-9 | A | B | C | D | E | F | G | H | I | J | K | L | M | N | O | P | Q | R | S | T | U | V | W | XYZ


Articles - B

Total: 19 articles

More articles:

0-9 A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W XYZ


Articles - C

Total: 11 articles

More articles:

0-9 | A | B | C | D | E | F | G | H | I | J | K | L | M | N | O | P | Q | R | S | T | U | V | W | XYZ


Articles - D

Total: 15 articles

More articles:

0-9 | A | B | C | D | E | F | G | H | I | J | K | L | M | N | O | P | Q | R | S | T | U | V | W | XYZ


Articles - E

Total: 52 articles

More articles:

0-9 | A | B | C | D | E | F | G | H | I | J | K | L | M | N | O | P | Q | R | S | T | U | V | W | XYZ


Articles - F

Total: 33 articles

More articles:

0-9 | A | B | C | D | E | F | G | H | I | J | K | L | M | N | O | P | Q | R | S | T | U | V | W | XYZ


Articles - G

Total: 15 articles

More articles:

0-9 | A | B | C | D | E | F | G | H | I | J | K | L | M | N | O | P | Q | R | S | T | U | V | W | XYZ


Articles - H

Total: 6 articles

More articles:

0-9 | A | B | C | D | E | F | G | H | I | J | K | L | M | N | O | P | Q | R | S | T | U | V | W | XYZ


Articles - I

Total: 20 articles

More articles:

0-9 | A | B | C | D | E | F | G | H | I | J | K | L | M | N | O | P | Q | R | S | T | U | V | W | XYZ


Articles - J

Total: 4 articles

More articles:

0-9 | A | B | C | D | E | F | G | H | I | J | K | L | M | N | O | P | Q | R | S | T | U | V | W | XYZ


Articles - K

Total: 3 articles

More articles:

0-9 | A | B | C | D | E | F | G | H | I | J | K | L | M | N | O | P | Q | R | S | T | U | V | W | XYZ


Articles - L

Total: 34 articles

More articles:

0-9 | A | B | C | D | E | F | G | H | I | J | K | L | M | N | O | P | Q | R | S | T | U | V | W | XYZ


Articles - M

Total: 14 articles

More articles:

0-9 | A | B | C | D | E | F | G | H | I | J | K | L | M | N | O | P | Q | R | S | T | U | V | W | XYZ

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